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Full text of "The Cambridge Natural History"

NEST OF ORANG

583

indeed, the  Orang has  been  described as moving with laborious
caution.

This Ape inhabits flat and forest-clad ground, and lives mainly
in the trees. The male leads a solitary life except at the pairing
season, bat the female goes about with her family. On the
ground the Orang walks with no great ease, and uses his arms as
crutches to swing the body along. Even on trees the rate of
progress is not rapid, and is accomplished with careful investiga-
tions as to the capabilities of the branches to bear his -weight.

FIG. 280.A, Skull of a young Orang-Utan. S^mia satyrus. (One-third natural size.)
B, Skull of an adult Orang-Utan. (One-third natural size.) (From Wiedersheim's
Structure of Man.')
The " Man of the "Woods " has been stated to build a hut in trees.
This is an exaggeration of the fact that it constructs a temporary
nest.
One of these nests has lately been described elaborately by
Dr. Moebius. It was found (by Dr. Selenka) on the fork of a
tree at a height of 11 metres from the ground. Every night, as
it appears, or every second night, the animal constructs a new nest
for himself, abandoning the old one. So numerous, therefore, are
these nests in localities frequented by Orangs, that a dozen can be
readily found in a day. The particular nest which Dr. Moebius
examined was 1*42 metres long, and at most *80 metre broad. It
was built of about twenty-five branches, broken off and laid for